The latest health news, scientific trends and medical information
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Malaria

Malaria is a life-threatening mosquito-borne blood disease caused by a Plasmodium parasite. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of the Anopheles mosquito. Once an infected mosquito bites a human, the parasites multiply in the host’s liver before infecting and destroying red blood cells. In some places, malaria can be treated …

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Evaluation of proteinuria

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY AND CLASSIFICATION Normal protein excretion — Urinary protein excretion in the normal child is less than 100 mg/m2 per day or a total of 150 mg per day. In neonates, normal urinary protein excretion is higher, up to 300 mg/m2, because of reduced reabsorption of filtered proteins. Approximately one-half of normal …

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Glomerulonephritis

Glomerulonephritis (gloe-mer-u-low-nuh-FRY-tis) is inflammation of the tiny filters in your kidneys (glomeruli). Glomeruli remove excess fluid, electrolytes and waste from your bloodstream and pass them into your urine. Glomerulonephritis can come on suddenly (acute) or gradually (chronic). Glomerulonephritis occurs on its own or as part of another disease, such as …

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Blood in urine (hematuria)

Seeing blood in your urine can be alarming. While in many instances the cause is harmless, blood in urine (hematuria) can indicate a serious disorder. Blood that you can see is called gross hematuria. Urinary blood that’s visible only under a microscope (microscopic hematuria) is found when your doctor tests …

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Down syndrome

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused when abnormal cell division results in an extra full or partial copy of chromosome 21. This extra genetic material causes the developmental changes and physical features of Down syndrome. Down syndrome varies in severity among individuals, causing lifelong intellectual disability and developmental delays. …

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Polycystic kidney disease

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts develop primarily within your kidneys, causing your kidneys to enlarge and lose function over time. Cysts are noncancerous round sacs containing fluid. The cysts vary in size, and they can grow very large. Having many cysts or …

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Types of Heart Failure

Left-sided heart failure The heart’s pumping action moves oxygen-rich blood as it travels from the lungs to the left atrium, then on to the left ventricle, which pumps it to the rest of the body. The left ventricle supplies most of the heart’s pumping power, so it’s larger than the other …

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The LV Parachute: An Exciting Treatment Option for Ischemic Heart Failure

Damaged heart muscle after a heart attack can lead to structural remodeling and decline in ventricular performance. The resulting enlargement of the heart may induce shortness of breath and fatigue, impinging on patients’ ability to function and maintain quality of life. In such cases, making the heart smaller with an …

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Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

What is a slipped capital femoral epiphysis? A slipped capital femoral epiphysis occurs when the upper end of the thigh bone (femur) slips at the area where the bone is growing (growth plate or physis) and does not fit in the hip socket correctly. The condition is most common in …

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Treatments for HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

If your doctor diagnoses you with advanced, HER2-negative breast cancer, know this: You have options for treating the disease. As you explore them, it helps to understand what it means to have advanced, HER2-negative breast cancer. Advanced breast cancer, also called stage III or IV, means the cancer is big …

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