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Chronic fatigue syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome tends to affect women more than men. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and Gulf War illness (GWI) share many symptoms, among which are muscle pain, fatigue, cognitive dysfunction, disrupted sleep, sore throat, headaches, and general malaise after physical exercise. CFS has long been mistaken for a mental healthdisorder. In 2015, a National Academy of Medicine-led …

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What is Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome?

Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by a thiamine (vitamin B-1) deficiency. It is commonly linked to high consumption of alcohol over a period of time, but severe intestinal problems, cancer, and malnutrition are also causes. Experts argue whether Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) is two separate but linked disorders, or if it is …

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What is Cushing’s syndrome?

Cushing’s syndrome is a rare but complex hormonal condition that can happen when a person’s cortisol levels are too high. Its effects on the body are wide-ranging. It is a serious disorder, and it can be fatal. The most common symptoms include a thinning of the skin, weight gain, bruising, high …

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What is Sturge-Weber syndrome?

Sturge-Weber syndrome is a congenital disorder that affects the skin, the neurological system, and sometimes the eyes. It is not curable, but it is not fatal. It is also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, encephalofacial angiomatosis, or Sturge-Weber-Dimitri syndrome. A person who has Sturge-Weber syndrome is born with it. The cause …

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What is postherpetic neuralgia?

Postherpetic neuralgia is a painful condition that affects the nerve fibers and skin. It is a complication of shingles, and shingles is a complication of chicken pox. If the pain caused by shingles continues after the bout of shingles is over, it is known as post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN). It is estimated that …

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Shingles

Shingles causes a painful rash, itching, and burning skin, and lasts for 3 to 5 weeks in most cases. People usually only experience shingles once, but the infection can recur. Shingles is a viral infection that affects approximately 1 in 3 adults in the United States. Around half of all shingles cases occur …

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What you should know about roseola

Roseola, also known as roseola infantum or sixth disease, is a viral infection. It usually affects children between 6 months and 2 years of age, with most having had it by kindergarten. Adults are not often affected. Symptoms include fever, runny nose, cough, and sore throat. A rash starts to occur when …

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Chickenpox

Chickenpox (chicken pox), also known as varicella, is a highly contagious infection caused by the varicella zoster virus. Although uncomfortable, most people recover within 1-2 weeks. There is a blister-like rash, which first appears on the face and trunk, and then spreads throughout the body. Although not life-threatening, complications can …

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Yellow Fever

Yellow fever is a hemorrhagic condition that can lead to a high fever, bleeding into the skin, and cell death in the liver and kidneys. If enough liver cells die, liver damage occurs, leading to jaundice, a condition in which the skin takes on a yellowish color. It is an …

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Dengue fever

Dengue fever, also known as breakbone fever, is a mosquito-borne infection that can lead to a severe flu-like illness. It is caused by four different viruses and spread by Aedesmosquitoes. Symptoms range from mild to severe. Severe symptoms include dengue shock syndrome (DSS) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). These usually require hospitalization. There …

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