The latest health news, scientific trends and medical information
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SCIENTISTS IDENTIFY FIRST BRAIN CELLS THAT RESPOND TO SOUND

Some expectant parents play classical music for their unborn babies, hoping to boost their children’s cognitive capacity. While some research supports a link between prenatal sound exposure and improved brain function, scientists had not identified any structures responsible for this link in the developing brain. A new study by University …

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Trastuzumab

Dosage Forms & Strengths injection, powder for reconstitution 150mg/single-dose vial (Herceptin) 420mg/multi-dose vial (Herceptin, Ogivri) Biosimilar to Herceptin Ogivri (trastuzumab-dkst) Breast Cancer Adjuvant treatment Herceptin, Ogivri Indicated for adjuvant treatment of HER-2 overexpressing breast cancer See also Administration During and following paclitaxel, docetaxel, or docetaxel/carboplatin 4 mg/kg IV over 90 …

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Associations of Statin Use With Colorectal Cancer

In earlier studies of the influence of hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (also known as statins) on colorectal cancer prognosis, investigators reported a reduced rate of cancer-specific mortality. Studies of recurrence are few and small. Using data from Danish registries, we followed 21,152 patients diagnosed with stage I–III colorectal cancer from …

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Epidural Nerve Block

Epidural nerve block has become a significant advance in neuraxial anesthesia and analgesia. Dr. James Leonard Corning described the procedure in 1885 [1] and Cuban anesthesiologist Manual Martinez Curbelo, in 1947, first used an epidural catheter. [2] The procedure is commonly performed as a sole anesthetic or in combination with …

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Septic Shock

Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction due to dysregulated host response to infection, and organ dysfunction is defined as an acute change in total Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score greater than 2 points secondary to the infection cause. [1] Septic shock occurs in a subset of patients with …

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Pertussis

Pertussis (whooping cough) is a respiratory tract infection characterized by a paroxysmal cough. The most common causative organism is Bordetella pertussis (see the image below), though Bordetella parapertussis has also been associated with this condition in humans. Pertussis remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in infants younger than …

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What is Palliative Care

Arefa Cassoobhoy, MD, MPH: Whenever I hear about palliative care, it’s synonymously with hospice, but the two are obviously different. Let’s discuss the difference between the two. I’ll start with Diane. Distinguishing Between Palliative Care and Hospice Diane E. Meier, MD: It’s a common confusion and misconception. The short answer …

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Travelers’ Diarrhea: New Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment

Travelers’ Diarrhea: New Guidelines Travelers’ diarrhea is the most predictable travel-related illness and affects 30%-70% of international travelers, depending on destination, season of travel, and other factors.[1] Although most cases of travelers’ diarrhea are self-limited and mild to moderate in severity, diarrhea can limit a tourist’s itinerary or business activities. …

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REDUCING THE USE OF ANTIBIOTICS MIGHT NOT BE ENOUGH TO FIGHT ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE

Researchers have discovered that reducing the use of antibiotics will not be enough to reverse the growing prevalence of antibiotic resistance for some types of bacteria. Besides passing along the genes bestowing antibiotic resistance to their offspring, many bacteria can also swap genes amongst themselves through a process called conjugation. …

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MEDICINE SCIENTISTS DEVELOP A DEVICE THAT CAN TREAT GLAUCOMA DIRECTLY INSIDE THE EYE

Glaucoma, which affects over 60 million people worldwide, can seem easy to treat: medicated eye drops can be used to ease the buildup of fluid in the eye that underlies the condition. If glaucoma is caught early, eye drops can prevent irreversible blindness. But prescription eye drops aren’t the perfect …

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